A layer that is put on the surface of a farm to boost soil fertility and soil moist conservation is called mulch. The points below highlights the importance of using mulch in your farm
Benefit of mulch is that it helps in soil water conservation to help the plants grow normally. Once mulch has been applied in the garden, it regulate the soil temperature and reduces the rate of soil water evaporation. Food security is usually guaranteed in a country whose farmer use techniques like mulching to grow food during the dry season. Temperature of the soil moist is reduced to the point of converting to water before it escapes into the atmosphere.
The top fertile soil is usually protected from all forms of soil erosion through rainwater or wind. The top fertile soil is usually loose and vulnerable to all types of soil erosion. Soil erosion causes the farm to become barren because of the lack of fertile topsoil. Soil barrenness can cause a farm to be unproductive leading to famine and hunger. Strong winds are also effective soil erosion agent. It is more difficult to dig a land that has been eroded and hard pan left behind.
Fertility of land is improved when mulch is continuously used. The decomposition of mulch turns the mulch into manure which increases the soil fertility. This helps to reduce the amount of inorganic chemical fertilizer used on a farm which is quite expensive while mulch is very cheap. The acidity of the soil can naturally be regulated by the use of mulch which decomposes and alters the soil PH depending on the composition of the plant used as mulch.
Weed control is another benefit of using mulch in your farm. The germination of weed seeds is prevented by mulch. Some of the components necessary for germination include air, water, warmth, and minerals. Due to lack of sufficient air, the seeds of weeds are unable to germinate.
Fifthly, mulch is very cheap and affordable to almost all farmers. Organic mulch is readily available from the dead plants and you can even decide to make your own mulch by collecting dead plants and putting them on the surface of your farm. Companies that sell mulch have favorable prices and they deliver the mulch to the farm of a customer.
Sixth, you can use mulch a way of decorating your farm or land. River stones that are used to mulch city trees are very monumental and appealing to the eyes. They contain different colors and some are shiny and to add on the beauty of a tree or flowers makes the environment look nice.
Lastly, mulch is environmentally friendly because they decompose very fast as oppose to other methods of farming like the use of fertilizes. Decomposed mulch turns into manure that helps the soil retain the soil water and allow easy penetration of plant roots.